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Re: [SG16] [isocpp-core] To which extent characters can be replaced or removed in phase 1?

From: Tom Honermann <tom_at_[hidden]>
Date: Thu, 28 May 2020 12:09:24 -0400
On 5/28/20 9:48 AM, Corentin via Core wrote:
> I realized this has further implications when the physical source is
> Unicode encoded.
> Even restricting a mapping to a representation of the same
> abstract character, an implementation could during phase 1, apply
> arbitrary Unicode normalization (LATIN SMALL LETTER E + ACUTE ACCENT
> and LATIN SMALL LETTER E WITH ACUTE are the same abstract character).
> This has interesting ramification for P1949 which make non nfc
> identifiers ill-formed.

We discussed the possibilities of implementations choosing to
NFC-normalize Unicode encoded source files during translation phase 1 at
least once during the discussions of P1949. The conclusion was that it
is ok to do so, but should be discouraged because there are legitimate
use cases for programmers writing non-NFC-normalized text in string

Alisdair, if you proceed with a paper to restrict/specify translation
phase 1 behavior for UTF-8 or other Unicode encoded source files, I
think it would make sense to address whether Unicode normalization of
any form should be prohibited, permitted, or required.


> At the same time I don't think we want to change the normalization of
> string literals when the physical source is Unicode encoded, but a
> normalization form has to be chosen when going from Unicode to non
> Unicode (usually NFC)
> So maybe we should specify that if the source encoding encodes the
> Unicode character set the mapping must be an identity function for
> each codepoint.
> On Thu, 28 May 2020 at 14:50, Corentin <corentin.jabot_at_[hidden]
> <mailto:corentin.jabot_at_[hidden]>> wrote:
> Hello,
> This GCC issue
> https://gcc.gnu.org/bugzilla/show_bug.cgi?id=38433 argues that it
> is valid
> for an implementation to remove trailing whitespaces as part of
> the implementation defined mapping described in translation phase
> 1. [lex.phases]
> Is it the intent of that wording?
> Should it be specified that this implementation defined mapping
> should preserve the semantic of each abstract character present in
> the physical source file?
> If not, is it a valid implementation to perform arbitrary text
> transformation in phase 1 such as replacing "private" by "public"
> or replacing all "e" by a "z" ?
> Thanks,
> Corentin
> For reference here is the definition of abstract character in
> Unicode 13
> http://www.unicode.org/versions/Unicode13.0.0/ch03.pdf#G2212
> Abstract character: A unit of information used for the
> organization, control, or representation of textual data.
> • When representing data, the nature of that data is generally
> symbolic as
> opposed to some other kind of data (for example, aural or visual).
> Examples of
> such symbolic data include letters, ideographs, digits,
> punctuation, technical
> symbols, and dingbats.
> • An abstract character has no concrete form and should not be
> confused with a
> glyph.
> • An abstract character does not necessarily correspond to what a
> user thinks of
> as a “character” and should not be confused with a grapheme.
> • The abstract characters encoded by the Unicode Standard are
> known as Unicode abstract characters.
> • Abstract characters not directly encoded by the Unicode Standard
> can often be
> represented by the use of combining character sequences.
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Received on 2020-05-28 11:12:31