## SG20 | |

**Subject:** Re: Reducing the number of numeric algorithms in namespace ranges

**From:** Yehezkel Bernat (*yehezkelshb_at_[hidden]*)

**Date:** 2019-06-25 10:47:07

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On Tue, Jun 25, 2019 at 5:49 PM Christopher Di Bella via SG20 <

sg20_at_[hidden]> wrote:

> Are there any practical reasons for reduce(begin(v), end(v), 0, plus{})

>> to permit out-of-order computation? For example, is this allowed as an

>> implementation?

>>

>> ```

>> template<class InputIterator, class T, class BOp>

>> T reduce(InputIterator first, InputIterator last, T init, BOp bop)

>> {

>> #if NDEBUG

>> return reduce(execution::par_unseq, first, last, init, bop);

>> #else

>> return accumulate(first, last, init, bop);

>> #endif // NDEBUG

>> }

>> ```

>>

>

My understanding is that it isn't allowed.

What the standard mentions explicitly is:

[ Note <http://eel.is/c++draft/reduce#8.note-1>

:

The difference between reduce and accumulate is that reduce applies

binary_Âop in an unspecified order, which yields a nondeterministic result

for non-associative or non-commutative binary_Âop such as floating-point

addition. <http://eel.is/c++draft/reduce#8.sentence-1>

â€” *end note*

]

http://eel.is/c++draft/reduce#8

So this is equivalent to passing `std::execution::seq`, which allows

invocations that are "indeterminately sequenced". This is different than

`accumulate`, which is guaranteed to perform a left fold.

> If either question can be answered with "yes", then forgetting accumulate

>> is a non-starter,

>>

>

I'd think the question should go the opposite direction:

What are the reasons to *forbid* out-of-order computation (which is the

only reason to keep having accumulate around)?

The numerical algorithms are intended for numerical usages.

Maybe using a numerical type that isn't associative or isn't commutative is

a task that shouldn't be done by a generic algorithm anyway?

Using other types (e.g. `std::string`; its operator+ isn't commutative of

course) is not what the algorithm was designed for (this is why it is in

`numeric` instead of `algorithm`) so maybe we are fine with disallowing

such a usage going forward.

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**Next message:**Bryan St. Amour: "Re: Reducing the number of numeric algorithms in namespace ranges"**Previous message:**Yehezkel Bernat: "Feedback for p1725r0 - Modular Topic Design"**In reply to:**Christopher Di Bella: "Re: Reducing the number of numeric algorithms in namespace ranges"**Next in thread:**Bryan St. Amour: "Re: Reducing the number of numeric algorithms in namespace ranges"**Reply:**Bryan St. Amour: "Re: Reducing the number of numeric algorithms in namespace ranges"

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