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Re: [std-proposals] Fwd: Use of volatile as function argument should not be deprecated.

From: Arthur O'Dwyer <arthur.j.odwyer_at_[hidden]>
Date: Fri, 10 Jun 2022 12:27:46 -0400
On Fri, Jun 10, 2022 at 12:00 PM Lénárd Szolnoki <cpp_at_[hidden]>

> So what do I do if I want to microbenchmark a function with LTO on? Maybe
> because that's the configuration relevant for my application.

I don't think I understand the notion of "microbenchmarking" "with LTO on."
Isn't the whole point of LTO to mash all your code together so that it's
*not* "micro" anymore, and its performance will end up depending very
heavily on how it's actually used in practice? At that point, you need a
"macrobenchmark" so that you're testing the performance of the actual code,
because its "micro" performance won't necessarily bear any relationship to
its "macro" (real-world) performance. Maybe that means linking your final
executable and then running it on some real-world input via a script; or
*maybe* (although this seems very "clever") it means linking your "micro"
benchmark function into a .dll and then wrapping a single call to that .dll
into your top-level Google Benchmark program.

#include <benchmark/benchmark.h>
extern void runMyOptimizedMicrobenchmark(int*); // implemented in a
.so/DLL somewhere else
static void BM_MyThing(benchmark::State& state) {
    int i = 0;
    for (auto _ : state) {

Either way, I've also lost the thread of what we're trying to accomplish
here. Are we still trying to support someone stepping through in the
debugger? because people *definitely* don't do that with microbenchmark
code. All I'm saying is, if your goal is simply to mystify the optimizing
compiler as to whether a particular variable is dead or whether a
particular write to it can be hoisted, literally all you have to do is
escape that variable's address into a different translation unit (which is
exactly what benchmark::DoNotOptimize does). The `volatile` keyword is
both insufficient and unnecessary to achieve that goal.



Received on 2022-06-10 16:27:58