Eric Niebler actually asked this on StackOverflow a few years ago: https://stackoverflow.com/q/48045470/2069064

The accepted answer there is:
#define PP_THIRD_ARG(a,b,c,...) c
#define VA_OPT_SUPPORTED_I(...) PP_THIRD_ARG(__VA_OPT__(,),true,false,)
#define VA_OPT_SUPPORTED VA_OPT_SUPPORTED_I(?)
Barry

On Wed, Jan 27, 2021 at 2:47 PM Richard Smith via SG10 <sg10@lists.isocpp.org> wrote:
Uh-oh. Using

#ifdef __VA_OPT__

as a feature test system is problematic because we previously said that __VA_OPT__ is ill-formed if it appears anywhere other than in a #define for a variadic macro. Several existing C++20 implementations reject that #ifdef.

Perhaps we don't need a feature-test macro, though:

#define HAS_VA_OPT_IMPL___VA_OPT__(...) 0
#define HAS_VA_OPT_IMPL_YES 1
#define HAS_VA_OPT_IMPL(A, ...) HAS_VA_OPT_IMPL_ ## __VA_OPT__(YES)
#define HAS_VA_OPT HAS_VA_OPT_IMPL(HAS_VA_OPT_IMPL_, YES)

#if HAS_VA_OPT
...
#else
...
#endif

... seems to work out OK.


On Tue, Jan 26, 2021 at 6:28 AM Ben Craig <ben.craig@ni.com> wrote:

+1

 

From: Liaison <liaison-bounces@lists.isocpp.org> On Behalf Of Thomas Köppe via Liaison
Sent: Monday, January 25, 2021 5:21 PM
To: Richard Smith <richardsmith@google.com>
Cc: Thomas Köppe <tkoeppe@google.com>; liaison@lists.isocpp.org; sg10@lists.isocpp.org
Subject: [EXTERNAL] Re: [wg14/wg21 liaison] Feature test macro for P0306 (__VA_OPT__)

 

The proposed solution seems elegant to me. If you say that's implementable, I'd be in favour of that.

 

I have very regrettably not sent an updated paper to WG14 for this feature, it's one of the things on my list. I shall prioritize getting it done!

 

On Mon, 25 Jan 2021 at 23:02, Richard Smith <richardsmith@google.com> wrote:

[+WG14 liaison list]

 

 

On Mon, Jan 25, 2021 at 2:59 PM Richard Smith <richardsmith@google.com> wrote:

Hi,

 

SD-FeatureTest doesn't mention P0306. I think a feature test macro would be useful here, to allow projects to incrementally adopt the new functionality. Example:

 

#if __cpp_va_opt

#define FOO(a, ...) f(a __VA_OPT__(,) __VA_ARGS__)

#elif __GNUC__

#define FOO(a, ...) f(a , ## __VA_ARGS__)

#else

// Hopefully we get the MSVC implicit comma deletion behavior.

#define FOO(a, ...) f(a , __VA_ARGS__)

#endif

 

Note that the __GNUC__ extension is enabled by default, even in conforming modes, in GCC, Clang, and ICC. However, after the adoption of P0306, it's no longer a conforming extension, so presumably it will be phased out at some point, and uses of the feature-test macro, such as in the above example, are going to become necessary.

 

Regarding the name of the macro: this functionality is shared with C, and as such, a __cpp_* name is probably not ideal. However, there's another interesting option: we could use

 

#ifdef __VA_OPT__

...

 

as the feature test mechanism. This doesn't appear to conflict with anything else, and is in line with our feature test mechanism for __has_cpp_attribute and __has_include.

 

So that's my suggestion: #ifdef/#ifndef/defined should treat `__VA_OPT__` as if it were the name of a defined macro.

 

Thoughts?

Richard

--
SG10 mailing list
SG10@lists.isocpp.org
https://lists.isocpp.org/mailman/listinfo.cgi/sg10